Laser Eye Surgery

What does laser eye treatment consist of? What types of laser treatment are used in ophthalmology?

One can distinguish many different types of laser treatment. Laser treatment can be used to treat a number of eye diseases. Procedure varies from one case to another. For example, photocoagulation of the retinal periphery is recommended to treat pathologies that may lead to retinal detachment. If this is the case, laser treatment consists of "welding" the retina to the surface so that it remains in place. Pan-retinal photocoagulation (PRP) is another type of laser surgery, which is performed if retina is damaged by diseases such as diabetes or retinal vein occlusion. This type of laser treatment is used only in the parts of the eye that are not responsible for vision. It cannot be performed, for example, in the macula. Selective laser trabeculoplasty or iridotomy are indicated to treat glaucoma. They consist of creating a hole on the edge of the iris. In some patients after cataract surgery, it is necessary to perform capsulotomy, which is indicated to treat posterior capsule opacification.

What eye diseases are treated with laser?

Laser has a broad scope of application in ophthalmology. It is used to treat retinal diseases, glaucoma, cataract or to remove eye scum.

Is laser eye treatment safe? Are there any complications related to laser eye treatment?

Laser eye treatment is a safe procedure. Complications are usually not significant. They may include: pinching, blurred vision, sometimes stinging or foreign-body sensation.

Does laser eye treatment hurt?

No, it is painless, as it is performed under local anaesthesia administrated in the form of eye-drops.

Am I going to restore normal vision after laser eye surgery?

In most laser eye surgeries, a special glass is placed on the eye or the eye is dilated; therefore, vision is worse for a few hours after the surgery.

Are there any contraindications for laser eye surgery?

The only contraindication for performing laser eye surgery is an active ocular surface inflammation.

How to proceed after the laser eye surgery? How to take good care of the eye after the laser eye surgery?

No special care is required after the laser eye surgery. On occasions, ophthalmologist may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication.

How to prepare for laser eye surgery? What medication should not be taken before or after the laser eye surgery? Should patient be on an empty stomach before the laser eye surgery?

No special preparation is required.

Is patient allowed to drive, watch television and work with a computer shortly after the laser eye surgery?

In most laser eye surgeries, a special glass is placed on the eye or the eye is dilated, causing temporary vision problems shortly after the surgery. Therefore, the capacity to work with a computer or drive a vehicle shortly after the surgery may be limited.